Step-by-Step Guide To Choosing Energy Efficient Lighting For Your Home

When it comes to making your home more energy efficient, one of the best places to start is with your lighting. By switching to energy-efficient lighting, you can save money on your utility bills and help reduce your carbon footprint. In this article, we’ll provide a step-by-step guide to choosing the right energy-efficient lighting for your home.

Step 1: Determine Your Lighting Needs

The first step in choosing energy-efficient lighting for your home is to determine your lighting needs. This involves figuring out the different types of lighting you need in each room, as well as the amount of light required to adequately illuminate each space.

To do this, start by considering the primary activities that take place in each room. For example, a kitchen or home office will require brighter, task-focused lighting, while a bedroom or living room may require softer, ambient lighting. Make a list of each room and the type of lighting needed for each.

Step 2: Choose the Right Type of Bulb

Now that you know your lighting needs, it’s time to choose the right type of bulb. There are several types of energy-efficient bulbs available, including LED, CFL, and halogen incandescent bulbs.

LED bulbs are the most energy-efficient and long-lasting option, with lifespans of up to 25,000 hours. CFL bulbs are also efficient, but contain small amounts of mercury and should be properly disposed of when they burn out. Halogen incandescent bulbs are less efficient than LEDs and CFLs, but are still more efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs.

Step 3: Consider Color Temperature and Brightness

Color temperature and brightness are two important factors to consider when choosing energy-efficient lighting. Color temperature refers to the "warmth" or "coolness" of the light, and is measured in Kelvins (K). Brightness refers to the amount of light produced by the bulb and is measured in lumens (lm).

For rooms that require task-focused lighting, such as kitchens and home offices, choose bulbs with a higher brightness and cooler color temperature (above 4000K). For rooms that require softer, ambient lighting, such as bedrooms and living rooms, choose bulbs with a lower brightness and warmer color temperature (below 3000K).

Step 4: Look for the ENERGY STAR Label

When shopping for energy-efficient lighting, look for bulbs with the ENERGY STAR label. ENERGY STAR certified bulbs meet strict efficiency and quality standards set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and can help you save up to 90% on energy costs compared to traditional incandescent bulbs.

Step 5: Install Dimmer Switches

Installing dimmer switches is a great way to further enhance the energy efficiency of your lighting. Dimmer switches allow you to adjust the brightness of your bulbs, reducing energy usage when less light is needed. Make sure to choose compatible bulbs that are labeled as "dimmable" and have a corresponding dimming range.

Step 6: Properly Dispose of Old Bulbs

Once you’ve installed your new energy-efficient bulbs, it’s important to properly dispose of your old bulbs. Traditional incandescent bulbs can be disposed of in your regular trash, but CFL and LED bulbs should be recycled to prevent harm to the environment. Check with your local recycling facility or retailer to find out where to recycle your old bulbs.


Choosing energy-efficient lighting for your home is a simple yet effective way to reduce your energy usage and save money on your utility bills. By following these six steps, you can choose the right bulbs for your home and create a more energy-efficient living environment.

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